Spring Maintenance Checklist:
1. Look at the ceiling inside. Any stains or spots could be evidence of water damage, indicating loose flashing (metal strips that seal connections) or shingle cracks or leaks. They can also be a sign of ice dams, which could mean a problem with insulation or poor home ventilation.
2. Shingle/tile check. Look for any missing shingles, and examine shingle condition for any that are peeling, cracking, or losing their grain. Asphalt shingles that are losing their grain are in danger of starting to crack and peel with exposure to sunlight. A few damaged shingles can be easily replaced, but many shingles in poor condition means a complete re-roofing is needed. Curling shingles could also be a sign of inadequate roof ventilation.
3, Clean the shingles. If moss or algae is growing on or between the shingles, this needs to be removed. This can be done by spraying moss remover solution on the roof, then using a broom to remove the growth. Serious mold or rot needs to be addressed immediately by a professional, as the roof may need replacing.
4. Shingle granule buildup. Excessive granules in gutters, downspouts and around the roof area are a sign that the shingles are worn and need replacing to prevent leakage.
5. Chimney and skylight. Check flashing connections between skylight, chimney and roof. Snow and wind can cause flashing to loosen and leak. Repair or replace any damaged flashing strips and seal cracks. Check the masonry joints of the chimney for damage or presence of efflorescence, a calcium deposit that could indicate water leaks.
6. Roof bolts. If you have a metal roof, check for any loose metal bolts and tighten them.
7. Gutters and downspouts. Examine the home siding for any evidence of water damage. Climb the ladder and use a trowel to scoop out debris, dirt and leaves out of the gutters. Tighten any spots where the gutter had come loose and flush any residue with the garden hose. Flush downspouts.
8. Soffit and Fascia. The vents in soffit and fascia are a favorite nesting place for small animals, who are drawn by the warm air. Come spring, these critters begin to reproduce, and if they find a way inside, you could be looking at serious damage inside your attic and home.
9. Yard assessment. Remove any dead tree limbs near the roof and trim overhanging branches.